Parsvakonasana or Extended Side Angle Pose

Benefits, Contraindications, Tips and How to Do

English Name(s)
Side Angle Pose Or Extended Side Angle Pose
पार्श्वकोणासन / Parśvakoṇāsana
Parsva: Side
Kona: Angle
Asana: Pose

Parsvakonasana at a Glance

Side Angle Pose or Parsvakonasana is a yoga where you stretch your body with one arm and the other on the thigh or the floor. The pose is excellent for enhancing your spiritual growth. It is one of the best poses to maintain strength and flexibility.


  • It helps to strengthen thighs, groin, hamstrings, calves, and hips, thus enhancing flexibility.
  • This pose enhances spinal flexibility due to its twisting movement.
  • It improves core strength and stability by involving the abdominal muscles.
  • It improves the lung capacity by opening the chest completely.

Who can do it?

Healthy people who want to improve flexibility in hip flexors, shoulder joints, and thighs can practice side angle poses.

Who should not do it?

People with lower back pain, shoulder injury, knee injury, hip injury, pregnant women in their later stages, high blood pressure, recent surgery, and balance issues should avoid or modify this side angle pose. It is one of the asanas of the Ashtanga series and is a popular pose in yoga sequences.


Parsvakonasana, or Side Angle Pose, is a yoga pose with a side stretch with one of the arms and the other arm, hence a side angle pose. The pose offers a variety of benefits both physical as well as mental. The pose is believed to relieve mental and emotional stress. It is a part of the primary series of Ashtanga yoga and is a major asana in other yoga sequences.


 Side Angle Pose stimulates mainly Manipura chakra. This chakra is the powerhouse of the body. It helps a practitioner to activate the body’s energy with stability and balance. The pose demands both strength and balance. When practiced correctly, it helps to strengthen the overall body. Due to its side stretch, the pose detoxifies the body and is a mood elevator.


It helps to find steadiness and ease in your pose. This pose requires strength and comfort, which helps expand and balance the growth in a practitioner’s life. By practicing this pose, one can work on energy and spiritual growth. The pose needs a lot of patience to hold for a longer duration in a side-angle pose, so in a way, it teaches a practitioner to be patient and stable.

How to Do Parsvakonasana?
Follow the Step-by-Step Procedure

  1. Start with your right foot at a right angle with the floor and your left leg straight.
  2. Inhale, keep the pelvis neutral and the left foot slightly inside.
  3. Exhale, lean into the right hip joint and bend your right knee with your right heel slightly inward.
  4. Keep your thigh parallel to the floor.
  5. Keep your right knee in line with your ankle.
  6. Stretch the left leg behind. There should not be any strain on your right bent knee.
  7. Lift your right arm outside your right foot with your palm facing the floor and your foot turned at a right angle, or keep your right arm on your right thigh. Roll your shoulder blades away from your ears.
  8. Keep your right foot firm on your yoga mat. Feel the stretch on your right thigh.
  9. Keep the alignment of the right thigh in one plane with your body.
  10. Extend your left arm next to the left ear, lengthening the entire left side of the body, thus maintaining the side bend. Keep your arm straight. Keep your spine straight. Open your chest.
  11. Work on the muscles of the inner thighs of both legs.
  12. Gaze straight ahead at your left fingertips, underneath the left armpit. Shift slightly your upper torso on the upper side to open the chest. This is the side angle pose Parsvakonasana.
  13. Maintain deep breaths. Hold the pose for a few breaths. Engage your inner thighs. Keep the bent knee thigh involved.
  14. Release the pose slowly by pressing your back heel into the floor and repeat the same steps with your left foot forward.
  15. Use blocks, if needed.

What are the Benefits of Parsvakonasana?

  • It helps to tone and strengthen knees, shoulders, ankles, thighs, and legs.
  • It aids in good digestion by stimulating the digestive organs.
  • It helps to release emotions since it is a side stretch and opens the heart completely.
  • It is a good pose for respiratory issues since it is a chest opener.
  • It greatly enhances the flexibility of the overall body.
  • It alleviates mild lower back issues and sciatica pain.
  • It is a good pose for a sedentary lifestyle and people with tight hips.
  • It eases menstrual discomfort and pain.

Health Conditions that Might Benefit from Parsvakonasana

  • It promotes good digestion by massaging the abdominal organs.
  • The twisting movement helps to detoxify the body, releasing toxins.
  • The pose is good for people who want to increase flexibility, especially in the hips, and groins.
  • The pose alleviates menstrual discomfort and pain.
  • It releases stress and anxiety by detoxifying the body.
  • It opens up the chest so is a good pose for people with respiratory issues.
  • It relieves symptoms of insomnia.
  • The pose is good for athletes.

Safety and Precautions

  • Parsvakonasana or Side Angle Pose should be avoided by people who have high blood pressure, or they should modify the pose.
  • People with cardiovascular diseases should avoid it.
  • People with recent or chronic hip, knee, and shoulder injuries should avoid the pose.
  • People suffering from migraines and headaches should modify or avoid the pose.
  • Pregnant women should practice this pose with caution. Consult a yoga teacher.
  • People with balance issues should avoid the pose.
  • People with digestive disorders should avoid the pose or modify it.

Beginner’s Tips

  • Start with a gentle warm-up to stretch your hip, thigh, and shoulder joint.
  • Use a yoga block to reach the floor, if needed.
  • Do not jump into the pose quickly. Maintain deep breaths throughout the pose.
  • Focus on the alignment of the spine. Keep your bent leg at a right angle with the floor.
  • Keep your bent knee and ankle in one line. Do not strain your knee while it’s bent.
  • Keep your chest open. Engage your core.

Parsvakonasana and Breath

  • Inhale, stand straight, exhale, and keep your right foot at the right angle and the left foot straight.
  • Inhale again and Exhale. Bend your right thigh and shift your body forward. Place your right arm over your right thigh or it can reach the floor, if possible. Simultaneously, stretch your left hand up over your head.
  • Inhale and exhale, relax your muscles, lift your chest and maintain deep breathing.
  • Maintain the alignment of the spine and keep your shoulder relaxed. Hold the pose with a few deep breaths.
  • To release the pose, inhale and exhale. If your right arm is touching the floor, place it on the right thigh, and if it is already on your right thigh, inhale, release the stretched left arm, and relax.
  • Inhale and Exhale, come to the star pose. Exhale, keep your left foot at the right angle and the right foot stretched back. Repeat the same steps by bending to your left side this time.
  • Maintain deep breathing throughout the pose and finally exhale to release the pose. Come back to the starting position, standing straight.

Parsvakonasana and Variations

  • You can keep your feet hip-width apart. Place your right foot at the right angle, and the left rotates slightly inwards.
  • Keep your knee in one line with your ankle. Reach your elbow to your thigh, place your right hand on the floor, and extend the left arm over your head. Keep your back leg with your upper arm stretched, making it a side angle pose Parsvakonasana,
  • keep the chest lifted and gaze up. Maintain deep breaths. Repeat the same steps, switching legs.
  • You can clasp your fingers inside your thigh for a half-bind pose.
  • You can support your front thigh on a chair if your knees are painful. Keep the leg’s alignment parallel to the chair’s front edge. This will take up the entire body weight on the chair. With practice, you can learn to develop the strength in the pose.
  • You can use a yoga block to reach on the floor to support your hand. Engage your core and follow the same steps.
  • You can use a wall against your back foot to maintain its alignment and support for the wide angle.

Deepening the Pose

  • You can create a deep stretch in the side angle pose Parsvakonasana by placing one of your arms to reach the floor and extending the other over your head. Keep your feet wide enough so your torso, stretched leg, and head are in one line.
  • Maintain deep breathing throughout the pose. Keep your hips square. Coordinate your movements with the breaths to deepen the pose. Allow your pelvis to rotate. Look up at the stretched arm. Keep your chest open and lifted.
  • Inhale stretch and exhale; relax your muscles.

The Physical Alignment Principles for Parsvakonasana

  • You can start in Tadasana (Mountain Pose), inhale, step out your right foot outside at the right angle, and maintain your left foot inside. Focus on this alignment.
  • Keep the feet wide enough to stretch the back foot comfortably. Your back foot should be in a straight line with your stretched hand.
  • Your knees should not come out of your ankles. Keep the back leg firm on the yoga mat. Engage your back leg and core to maintain the proper straight alignment of a stretched angle in the pose.
  • Pull your navel in, keep breathing, and do not hold your breath at any time of the movement of the pose.
  • Keep your spine straight. When you look up during the pose, look at the stretched hand with proper breathing.
  • Keep your chest lifted, do not round your shoulder, and do not lean forward.
  • Feel the stretch on your thighs. Maintain the alignment by keeping your thigh of the bent leg pulled back and in a plane with your body. Could you not allow it to collapse in front?

Common Mistakes

  • Do not rush to be in the final pose too early. Practice a few warm-ups to open your body.
  • Maintain deep and conscious breathing. Keep the stretched hand involved with the spine straight and chest open. Keep your feet in one line. The distance between them should be such that you make a comfortable right angle with one of your legs.
  • While keeping your elbow on your thigh there should not be any strain on your neck. Engage your core and keep your shoulders relaxed. Relax in the final pose. Do not overlook any strain or pain in the body. Modify the pose accordingly.

Preparatory Poses

  • Shoulder and Neck Rotations, External and Internal Hip Rotations
  • Marjariasana (Cat-Cow Stretch)
  • Utkata Konasana (Goddess Pose)
  • Virabhadrasana I (Warrior I)
  • Virabhadrasana II (Warrior II Pose)
  • Utthita Trikonasana (Triangle Pose)

The Bottom Line

Parsvakonasana is a pose that should be introduced in your everyday yoga routine. It is an excellent side stretch and mood elevator. Being practiced in many yoga sequences, it has many benefits besides just staining flexibility and strength. With practice, it helps to acquire patience and spiritual growth of a practitioner.

Are you passionate about yoga and dream of teaching others? Our comprehensive yoga teacher training courses have got you covered! Explore the 200-Hrs Yoga Teacher Training Course, delve deeper into your practice with the 300-Hrs Yoga Teacher Training Course, or master the art of teaching with the 500-Hrs Yoga Teacher Training Course – all certified by Yoga Alliance. Your journey towards becoming a certified yoga instructor begins here. Join us today and let your yoga journey blossom!

Meera Watts
Meera Watts is the owner and founder of Siddhi Yoga International. She is known worldwide for her thought leadership in the wellness industry and was recognized as a Top 20 International Yoga Blogger. Her writing on holistic health has appeared in Elephant Journal, CureJoy, FunTimesGuide, OMtimes and other international magazines. She got the Top 100 Entrepreneur of Singapore award in 2022. Meera is a yoga teacher and therapist, though now she focuses primarily on leading Siddhi Yoga International, blogging and spending time with her family in Singapore.

Get in Touch

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Contact on WhatsApp